Understanding Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes.
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KYW Newsradio’s Medical Reports are sponsored by Independence Blue Cross. 

By Dr. Brian McDonough, Medical Editor
PHILADELPHIA (KYW Newsradio) — Sometimes we learn best from experience, and it's definitely the case when it comes to Type 2 diabetes. 

Back in the day when we were just learning adult onset or Type 2 diabetes, there were many theories about how to prevent it or at least delay it. 

The most valuable lessons we learned were that this form of diabetes is the result of certain receptors in the body not responding to the hormone insulin the way that they should, and as a result, the blood sugar starts to rise. 

We also learned that a good diet and regular exercise seemed to help people who had adult onset diabetes do better, often eliminating the need for medication. 

We are now at the point where we look it as developing gradually over time and know that the exercise and diet changes should start earlier, which could possibly prevent or significantly delay it from occurring.