Dayton Literary Peace Prize officials selected novelist, poet and essayist N. Scott Momaday for the Richard C. Holbrooke Distinguished Achievement Award. It's named for the late U.S. diplomat who brokered the 1995 Bosnia peace accords reached in Ohio.
A Kiowa Indian, Momaday earned the 1969 Pulitzer Prize for fiction with "House Made of Dawn," about a young man returning to his Kiowa pueblo after serving in the U.S. Army. His 1968 book has been credited with leading a renaissance in Native American literature .
Born in 1934, Momaday grew up on reservations in the southwestern United States, where his parents were teachers.
He drew from Kiowa history and folk lore for "The Way to Rainy Mountain" in 1969 and wrote about the influence of ancestors and traditions in his early life in "The Names: A Memoir" in 1976.
Sharon Rab, founder and chairwoman of the peace prize foundation, said Momaday's work shows the "power of ritual, imagination, and storytelling" to produce peace through intercultural understanding and that it honors and safeguards "the storytelling traditions of our nation's indigenous communities."
Momaday said in a statement that peace is the objective of human evolution, and literature is the measure.
"The history of human experience is in many ways a history of dysfunction and conflict, and literature, because it is an accurate record of that history, reflects not only what is peaceful, but what is the universal hope and struggle for peace," he said. "Literature and peace are at last indivisible. They form an equation that is the definition of art and humanity."
The award carries a $10,000 prize. Previous winners include Studs Terkel, Taylor Branch, John Irving, Gloria Steinem, and Elie Wiesel.
This year's awards gala will be Nov. 3, when Momaday will be joined by the 2019 winners of awards for fiction and nonfiction who will be announced Sept. 17.