How Much of Your Small Business Should You Offer to Investors?

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By Small Business Pulse

When seeking funding, many entrepreneurs look to the world of equity financing. After all, there are many advantages to selling off percentages of your company for capital. Angel investors and venture capitalists, for example, can also serve as mentors and help guide founders through the rigors and challenges of establishing a new small business. However, owners should consider these three factors before selling any equity stakes in their business.

Company’s worth
Before seeking out potential investors, owners need to understand what their company is actually worth. With this information in hand, founders can figure out exactly how to price equity stakes. While there is no true universal method for determining a company’s value, Stanford University recommends using the sum of annual sales plus inventory. BizEx offers a business valuation calculator based on multiple of earnings, which is a common method used when valuing small businesses, and can be used for free.

Importance of quality investors
When a company is at its earliest stages of its development, entrepreneurs may be very tempted to sell off small pieces of their company. The prospect of a large cash infusion of a 1 to 5 percent ownership stake holds obvious appeal for emerging businesses. However, the reality is selling off small parts of your business to investors who lack experience and dedication can lead to a lot of headaches. As this Bplans article notes, having too many small stake investors can kill the interest of larger VCs and investment firms down the line. Having to answer to a group of equity holders who are only interested in reaping short-term profits can be a major problem when trying to bring a company into maturity.

Need for control
Lastly, power dynamics should play a big role in an entrepreneur’s thinking when considering how much of their company they want to sell. In order to attract serious investors, owners need to make a significant amount of equity available. At the same time, founders need to make sure they don’t put themselves in a position where they lose control of the business they created. Accordingly, Entrepreneur recommends that you should never give up more than 75 percent of your company until you reach the IPO stage. After all, you don’t want to find yourself taken out of the race when the finish line is just inches away.